XC The electronic symbol for capacitive reactance.
XL The electronic symbol for inductive reactance.
XACT (cross-platform audio creation tool) A Microsoft digital audio development tool. Hit the link for details. [Not xACT above.]
X-ACTO™ Hand-tools. The best known hand-tool manufacturer in the world founded by Sundel Doniger in New York City in 1917.
xalam Musical Instrument. A West African stringed musical instrument.
xanthous 1. Yellow. 2. Having light brown or yellowish skin. [AHD]
XBASEY Networks. Nomenclature designation for IEEE 802.3 or Ethernet cabling. The "X" is the data rate and the "Y" is the cabling type or category. See Ethernet.
x-copy A copy made as closely as possible to a 1:1 match. In analog this applies to "equal flux" copying, wherein a copy is made at the same flux levels as the master. [Holman]
X curve (extended curve) In the film sound industry an X curve is also known as the wide-range curve and conforms to ISO Bulletin 2969, which specifies for pink noise, at the listening position in a dubbing situation or two-thirds of the way back in a theater, to be flat to 2 kHz, rolling off 3-dB/oct after that. The small-room X curve is designed to be used in rooms with less than 150 cubic meters, or 5,300 cubic feet. This standard specifies flat response to 2 kHz, and then rolling off at a 1.5 dB/oct rate. Some people use a modified small-room curve, starting the roll-off at 4 kHz, with a 3 dB/oct rate. Compare with Academy curve.
Xe Chemistry. The symbol for the element xenon.
Xenakis, Iannis Greek composer who used flicker noise to randomly generate compositions he called stochastic music.
xerography The name created by the Haloid Company in 1946 (from the Greek xeros for dry and graphein for writing) for the process invented by Chester F. Carlson on October 22, 1938, which he named electrophotography. In 1960, Haloid-Xerox introduced the 914 copier, the first pushbutton, plain-paper, xerographic office machine. The company soon became known simply as Xerox.
xerothermic 1. Both dry and hot: a xerothermic climate. 2. Adapted to or flourishing in an environment that is both dry and hot: xerothermic organisms. [AHD]
Xerox See: xerography.
x-fader DJ Mixers. Shortened form for crossfader.
xfmr Electronics. Abbreviation for transformer.
X Generation See Generation X.
Xi The 14th letter of the Greek alphabet.
Xiao Musical Instrument. An ancient Chinese flute.
Xilinx®(pronounced zi-links; after xi the 14th letter of the Greek alphabet) Leading manufacturer of field-programmable logic devices.
xingxong (sing-song) "A term used to describe a song which is overplayed." -- Pseudodictionary.com
Xirula Musical Instrument. Small three hole flute from the Basque region.
XLD See connectors.
XLR See connectors.
Xmas Abbreviation for Christmas. (From X, the Greek letter chi, first letter of Greek Khristos, meaning Christ.) [Usage Note: Xmas has been used for hundreds of years in religious writing, where the X represents a Greek chi, the first letter of Χριστος, "Christ." In this use it is parallel to other forms like Xtian, "Christian." But people unaware of the Greek origin of this X often mistakenly interpret Xmas as an informal shortening pronounced (eks?m?s). Many therefore frown upon the term Xmas because it seems to them a commercial convenience that omits Christ from Christmas.
xo Official (FED-STD-1037C) abbreviation for crystal oscillator.
Xophonic Signal Processing. "An artificial reverberation device for the home made by Radio Craftsmen in the 1950s. The Xophonic was a box that looked about like a bookshelf loudspeaker [Hit the link to see a photo]. It contained an analog time delay device in the form of a small loudspeaker connected to a coil of tubing about 50 feet long with a microphone in the other end, producing a time delay of about 50 milliseconds. The incoming signal from the amplifier of the sound system was fed to the time delay unit and to a mixer, which combined it with the delayed signal from the tube microphone. A power amplifier and loudspeaker were included to amplify and radiate this combined signal into the listening room.
The Xophonic was probably the first signal processing device intended for home use. It enjoyed a brief popularity, and then quietly fell into oblivion, aided by the advent of the stereophonic record." [White] The concept was resurrected by UREI in the '70s as the Cooper Time Cube.
XOR Acronym for exclusive OR, a type of logic gate where a logic 1 output is based upon A or B inputs being present - but not both.
xote Dance. A Brazilian music and dance genre.
xovr Abbreviation for crossover.
X/R ratio Electronics. The ratio of reactance to resistance. It indicative of the rate of decay of any dc offset. A large X/R ratio corresponds to a large time constant and a slow rate of decay. [IEEE]
x-ray A relatively high-energy photon having a wavelength in the approximate range from 0.01 to 10 nanometers. [AHD]
xtal Official (FED-STD-1037C) abbreviation for crystal.
xun Musical Instrument. A Chinese vessel flute.
x-wave Acoustics. A type of localized wave that propagates as an axisymmetric pulse, with a wavefront cross-section (in a plane through the beam axis) that resembles the letter X. Because of their ability to remain focused while propagating over distances comparable with the Rayleigh distance, such waves have acoustical applications in nondestructive testing and medical imaging. [Morfey]
X-Y display A rectangular coordinate plot of two variables. [IEEE]
xylophone Musical Instrument. A percussion instrument consisting of a mounted row of wooden bars graduated in length to sound a chromatic scale, played with two small mallets. Word History: Alphabet books for children frequently feature the word xylophone because it is one of the few words beginning with x that a child (or most adults, for that matter) would know. The majority of English words beginning with x, including many obscure scientific terms, are of Greek origin, the x, pronounced (z), representing the Greek letter xi. In the case of xylophone, xylo- is a form meaning "wood," derived from Greek xulon, "wood," and -phone represents Greek phn, "voice, sound," the same element found in words such as telephone, microphone, and megaphone. This famous x-word is first recorded in the April 7, 1866, edition of the Athenaeum: "A prodigy ... who does wonderful things with little drumsticks on a machine of wooden keys, called the 'xylophone.'" [AHD] See woodpile
xylorimba Musical Instrument. A xylophone with an extended range to include that of the marimba.
X-Y microphone technique A stereo recording technique where two cardioid microphones are placed facing each other, at an angle of 90 degrees, with the center of the source aimed at the center between them. Sometimes this technique is incorporated internally in a single microphone using two capsules. Also called the coincident-microphone technique and intensity stereo Compare with ORTF
Xyndas, Spyridon (1812-1896) Greek composer.
X-Y recorder An output device that sketches the relationship between two variables onto a grid of plane rectangular coordinates. [AHD]
xyz - "Examine your zipper." Example: "When seeing someone in class or at work with their zipper down, you can discreetly say, 'XYZ'" -- Pseudodictionary.com.